PreReading an important aspect of content literacy. But many teachers do not take the time to build schema before they require their students to read. Anticipation Guides have been around for years, but many times are not used effectively. What are some new ways to use them?
What is it?
A strategy used to set purposes for reading texts and to activate prior knowledge to support students as they make connections with the text.
- Choose a text.
- Create the Anticipation Guide by constructing a series of statements about specific items or concepts in the lesson.
- Either display the cover or read the opening paragraph and ask the children to answer each question with either yes, no or maybe. The emphasis is not on right answers or to make correct predictions. We want them to form a working hypothesis about the text.
- Read the text aloud. As you read, ask children to let you know when they have found the correct answer to each statement. You should read slowly and stop at places in the text that correspond to each of the statements.
- Bring closure to the reading by revisiting each of the statements.
- The students may then rewrite false statements to make them true to check for understanding.
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